Many of the knee injuries we treat happen through a combination of compression and rotational forces on the main – tibiofemoral – joint common in sports like football and skiing.
Treatment ranges from conservative physiotherapy to reconstructive surgery depending on the type and severity of the injury and the future functional demands of the patient. Degenerative problems such as osteoarthritis can commonly affect the same part of the knee in adults.
The tibiofemoral joint is the part of the knee that we typically think of as ‘the knee’. It joins your femur (thigh bone) and tibia (the larger lower leg bone), and can be injured in numerous ways. Common injuries that we see include anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprains or rehabilitation of surgical reconstructions of the ACL, and other ligament sprains including the medial collateral ligament (MCL), lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and posteiorr cruciate ligament (PCL). Cartilage and meniscal cartilage injuries are also common within this part of the knee. Both acute ligament and cartilage/meniscal injuries often occur when a compression plus rotational force is put through the knee. This commonly occurs in sports such as football and skiing. Treatment can range from conservative physiotherapy to reconstructive surgery depending on the type and severity of the injury and the future functional demands of the patient. Degenerative problems such as osteoarthritis can commonly affect this component of the knee in adults.
The superior tibiofibular joint is where the two lower leg bones join near the knee, stabilising the ankle joint and anchoring many important knee structures. Any fault with this joint can cause knee and ankle pain.
As the knee is such a complex combination of structures, many more causes of pain and stiffness are not detailed on this page. Experienced and skilled physiotherapists are essential in diagnosing and treating these problems effectively – and early intervention is key, so why wait for your problem to get worse?